Studenny, John CMC Electronics Inc., Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
- Flight Planning
- Navigation Charts
- Operational Air Navigation
- En route
- VOR navigation
- Mean sea level (MSL) altitude
- Barometric altitude
- Radar altitude
- GPS altitude
- SBAS altitude
- Reduced Vertical Separation Minima (RVSM)
- Additional Navigation Aids and Systems
- Flight management system (FMS)
- Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)
- Terrestrial enhancements of GNSS
- Area navigation (RNAV)
- Inertial navigation system (INS)
- Loran C
- Microwave landing system (MLS)
- Nondirectional beacon (NDB)
- Doppler velocity system (DVS) radar
- Additional Readings
A discipline that combines the means to know the location and heading of an aircraft with respect to some map or coordinate system, with guidance which means steering the aircraft along some desired path toward a destination. The construction of the desired path is done with respect to the same a map or coordinate system used for location. In civil aviation, the coordinate system that is becoming a de facto standard is the World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS-84). This is largely due to the fact that positioning in the Global Positioning System (GPS) is based on this mapping and coordinate system.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 42 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information