Melnick, Joseph L. Department of Virology and Epidemiology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.
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Any member of the Picornaviridae viral family, genus Enterovirus. The name echovirus is derived from the term enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus. About 32 antigenic types exist. Only certain types have been associated with human illnesses, particularly aseptic meningitis and febrile disease, with or without skin rash. Some echovirus types also cause gastrointestinal infections, especially in children. In general, the epidemiology of echoviruses is similar to that of other enteroviruses. See also: Enterovirus; Picornaviridae; Virus; Virus classification
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