Siegbahn, Kai M. Formerly, Institute of Physics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Nobelist.
Siegbahn, Hans Formerly, Institute of Physics, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
- Modes of excitation
- ESCA chemical shifts
- Additional Readings
A form of spectroscopy which deals with the emission and recording of the electrons which constitute matter—solids, liquids, or gases. The usual form of spectroscopy concerns the emission or absorption of photons [x-rays, ultraviolet (uv) rays, visible or microwave wavelengths, and so on]. Electron spectra can be excited by x-rays, which is the basis for electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA), or by uv photons, or by ions (electrons; Fig. 1). By means of x-ray or uv photons with energy Ehv, photoelectron spectra (PES) are produced when electrons with binding energies Eb are emitted with energy Ekinetic from bound molecular states, according to the equation below.
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 42 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information