Ingerson, Earl Formerly, Department of Geology, University of Texas, Austin, Texas.
Garlick, G. Donald Department of Geology, Humboldt State University, Arcata, California.
Criss, Robert E. Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri.
- Nonisotopic Methods
- Direct measurement
- Indirect methods
- Behavior of organic material
- Isotopic Methods
- Calibration of isotopic thermometers
- Analytical techniques
- Igneous rocks
- Subsolidus exchange
- Metamorphic rocks
- Geothermal waters
- Hydrothermal ore deposits
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The measurement or estimation of temperatures at which geologic processes take place. Methods used can be divided into two groups, nonisotopic and isotopic. The isotopic methods involve the determination of distribution of isotopes of the lighter elements between pairs of compounds in equilibrium at various temperatures, and application of these data to problems of the temperature at which these compounds (commonly minerals) form in nature.
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