Breger, Irving A. Formerly, Office of Energy Resources, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
A black, naturally occurring carbonaceous material having specific gravity 1.10–1.25 and fixed carbon 50–85%. Impsonite is infusible and is insoluble in carbon disulfide. A vein of impsonite 10 ft (3 m) wide occurs in La Flore County, Oklahoma, and there are other deposits in Arkansas, Nevada, Michigan, Peru, Argentina, Brazil, and Australia. The Peruvian impsonite may be derived from grahamite by weathering. The origin of impsonite is not well understood, but it appears to be derived from a fluid bitumen that polymerized after it filled the vein in which it is found. Impsonites are known to contain unusually high percentages of vanadium. See also: Asphalt and asphaltite; Wurtzilite
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