Nervous system (vertebrate)
Northcutt, R. Glenn Department of Anatomy, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio.
Noback, Charles R. Department of Anatomy, Columbia University, New York, New York.
Adler, Ruben Department of Neurobiology, University of California, San Diego, California.
Kallen, Bengt Department of Embryology, University of Lund, Lund, Sweden.
Stone, Leon S. Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
- Comparative Morphology
- Spinal patterns
- Medullar patterns
- Cerebellar patterns
- Tectal patterns
- Diencephalic patterns
- Telencephalic patterns
- Cortical representation
- Comparative Histology
- Structural elements
- Functional organization of a neuron
- Comparative Embryology
- Nerve growth factor
- Formation of neural plate and tube
- Histologic differentiation
- Spinal cord
- Cranial nerves
- Spinal nerves
- Autonomic nervous system
- Embryology of Sense Organs
- Free nerve endings
- Lateral-line organs
- Taste buds
- Olfactory structures
- Additional Readings
A coordinating and integrating system which functions in the adaptation of an organism to its environment. An environmental stimulus causes a response in an organism when specialized structures, receptors, are excited. Excitations are conducted by nerves to effectors which act to adapt the organism to the changed conditions of the environment. In animals, humoral correlation is controlled by the activities of the endocrine system. This article considers the morphology, histology, and embryology of the nervous system, including the brain and cranial nerves, and embryology of the sense organs.
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