Nestle, Marion Department of Home Economics and Nutrition, Division of Education, New York University, New York, New York.
Show previous versions
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
The presence of excess body fat that confers numerous risks to health. Obesity is an excessive accumulation of adipose tissue (body fat) that typically leads to a variety of health risks, including diabetes, cardiovascular disorders, arthritis, and some types of cancerous tumors. The risk to health is determined by the amount of body fat, the distribution of body fat, and the presence of other risk factors. Because of the great prevalence of obesity, its severe consequences for physical and mental health, and the difficulty of treating it, the prevention of obesity is a major public health priority. A significant step was taken when the American Medical Association, the largest physician organization in the United States, officially classified obesity as a disease that requires a range of medical interventions to advance treatment and prevention. In particular, because more than one-third of adults and approximately one-fifth of children in the United States are recognized as obese (Fig. 1), the designation of obesity as a disease is expected to prompt the medical community and public policy makers to support further interventions and research into obesity prevention and treatment. See also: Adipose tissue; Disease; Epidemic of obesity; Medicine; Obesity classified as a disease; Public health
The content above is only an excerpt.
for your institution. Subscribe
To learn more about subscribing to AccessScience, or to request a no-risk trial of this award-winning scientific reference for your institution, fill in your information and a member of our Sales Team will contact you as soon as possible.
to your librarian. Recommend
Let your librarian know about the award-winning gateway to the most trustworthy and accurate scientific information.
AccessScience provides the most accurate and trustworthy scientific information available.
Recognized as an award-winning gateway to scientific knowledge, AccessScience is an amazing online resource that contains high-quality reference material written specifically for students. Its dedicated editorial team is led by Sagan Award winner John Rennie. Contributors include more than 9000 highly qualified scientists and 42 Nobel Prize winners.
MORE THAN 8500 articles and Research Reviews covering all major scientific disciplines and encompassing the McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology and McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology
115,000-PLUS definitions from the McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms
3000 biographies of notable scientific figures
MORE THAN 17,000 downloadable images and animations illustrating key topics
ENGAGING VIDEOS highlighting the life and work of award-winning scientists
SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY and additional readings to guide students to deeper understanding and research
LINKS TO CITABLE LITERATURE help students expand their knowledge using primary sources of information