Scattering experiments (nuclei)
Erb, K. A. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
- Definitions of elastic scattering
- Cross sections
- Coulomb scattering by nuclei
- Electron-nucleon scattering
- Low-energy np scattering
- Low-energy pp scattering
- Phase shifts
- Potential scattering
- Intermediate energy np and pp scattering
- Nucleon-nucleus scattering
- Nucleus-nucleus scattering
- Meson scattering
- Links to Primary Literature
- Additional Readings
Experiments in which beams of particles such as electrons, nucleons, alpha particles and other atomic nuclei, and mesons are deflected by elastic collisions with atomic nuclei. Much is learned from such experiments about the nature of the scattered particle, the scattering center, and the forces acting between them. Scattering experiments, made possible by the construction of high-energy particle accelerators and the development of specialized techniques for detecting the scattered particles, are one of the main sources of information regarding the structure of matter. See also: Particle accelerator; Particle detector
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