Weichert, Charles K. College of Arts and Sciences, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio.
Torrey, Theodore W. Department of Zoology, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.
Forster, Roy P. Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire.
- Comparative Anatomy
- Anamniote kidneys
- Amniote kidneys
- Comparative Embryology
- Nephros of fishes and amphibians
- Nephros of reptiles, birds, and mammals
- Urinary bladder
- General principles
- Patterns of excretion
- Regulation mechanisms
- Additional Readings
The system consisting of the kidneys, urinary ducts, and bladder. These structures will be discussed in this article in terms of their comparative anatomy, embryology, and physiology.
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