Pecoraro, Vincent L. Department of Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
- Additional Readings
A chemical element, V, with atomic number 23. Natural deposits contain two isotopes, 50V (0.24%), which is weakly radioactive, and 51V (99.76%). Commercially important as an oxidation catalyst, vanadium also is used in the production of alloy steel and ceramics and as a colorizing agent. Studies have demonstrated the biological occurrence of vanadium, especially in marine species; in mammals, vanadium has a pronounced effect on heart muscle contraction and renal function. See also: Periodic table; Transition elements
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